1.    Marshall M, Creed F. Assertive community treatment – is it the future of community care in the UK? International Review of Psychiatry 2000;12:191-6.
2.    Stein LI, Test MA. Alternative to mental hospital treatment. I. Conceptual model, treatment program, and clinical evaluation. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1980;37:392-7.
3.    Marshall M, Lockwood A. Assertive community treatment for people with severe mental disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1998, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD001089. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001089.
4.    Tyrer P, Coid J, Simmonds S, Joseph P, Marriott S. Community mental health teams (CMHTs) for people with severe mental illness and disordered personality. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1998, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD000270. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000270.
5.    Mueser KT, Bond GR, Drake RE, Resnick SG. Models of community care for severe mental illness: a review of research on case management. Schizophr Bull 1998;24:37-74.
6.    Creed F. Evaluation of community treatments for acute psychiatric illness. In: Tyrer P, Creed F, eds. Community psychiatry in action: analysis and prospects. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1995;pp11-27.
7.    Dean C, Gadd EM. Home treatment for acute psychiatric illness. BMJ 1990;301:1021-3.
8.    Thornicroft G, Wykes T, Holloway F, Johnson S, Szmukler G. From efficacy to effectiveness in community mental health services. PRiSM Psychosis Study 10. Br J Psychiatry 1998;173:423-7.
9.    Holloway F, Carson J. Intensive case management for the severely mentally ill. Br J Psychiatry 1998;172:19-22.
10. Burns T, Creed F, Fahy T, Thompson S, Tyrer P, White I for the UK 700 study group. Intensive versus standard case management for severe psychotic illness: a randomised trial. Lancet 1999;353:2185-9.
11. Tyrer P. The future of the community mental health team. International Review of Psychiatry 2000;12:219-25.
12. Marks IM, Connolly J, Muijen M, Audini B, McNamee G, Lawrence RE. Home-based versus hospital-based care for people with serious mental illness. Br J Psychiatry 1994;165:179-94.
13. Shepherd G, Beadsmoore A, Moore C, Hardy P, Muijen M. Relation between bed use, social deprivation, and overall bed availability in acute adult psychiatric units, and alternative residential options: a cross sectional survey, one day census data, and staff interviews. BMJ 1997;314:262-6.
14. Prosser D, Johnson S, Kuipers E, Szmukler G, Bebbington P, Thornicroft G. Mental health, „burnout“ and job satisfaction among hospital and community-based mental health staff. Br J Psychiatry 1996;169:334-7.
15. Wykes T, Stevens W, Everitt B. Stress in community care teams: will it affect the sustainability of community care? Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology 1997;32:398-407.
16. Randolph FL, Ridgway P, Carling PJ. Residential programs for persons with severe mental illness: a nationwide survey of state-affiliated agencies. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1991;42:1111-5.
17. Linn MW, Klett CJ, Caffey EM. Foster home characteristics and psychiatric patient outcome: the wisdom of Gheel confirmed. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1980;37:129-32.
18. Tanzman B. An overview of surveys of mental health consumers‘ preferences for housing and support services. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1993;44:450-5.
19. Carling PJ. Housing and supports for persons with mental illness: emerging approaches to research and practice. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1993;44:439-49.
20. Aring CD. The Gheel experience: eternal spirit of the chainless mind! JAMA 1974;230:998-1001.
21. Cross R. Geel Kolonie: City of „fools“?

22. Ostermann B. „Dieser Irre gehört zu uns!“ – Familienpflege psychisch Kranker.23. Catholic Information Network. St. Dymphna and Gerebernus (Seventh Century).

24. Sandvik H. Psychiatric patients in private care. Historical analysis from a municipality in western Norway. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 1990;110:1666-8.
25. Bennett R. Familiy placement schemes as an alternative to short-term hospitalisation. In: Phelan M, Strathdee G, Thornicroft G, eds. Emergency mental health services in the community. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1995;pp259-76.
26. Brook BD, Cortes M, March R, Sundberg-Stirling M. Community families: an alternative to psychiatric hospital intensive care. Hospital & Community Psychiatry 1976;27:195-7.
27. Brook BD. Community families: a seven-year program perspective. Journal of Community Psychology 1980;8:147-51.
28. Leaman K. A hospital alternative for patients in crisis. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 1987;38:1221-3.
29. Aagaard J, Freiesleben M, Mathiesen A, Foldager L. Crisis Homes for adult psychiatric patients. The first experiences form Denmark. [Danish]. Ugeskrift for Laeger 2005;167:3174-9.
30. Aagaard J, Freiesleben M, Foldager L. Crisis homes for adult psychiatric patients. Soc Psychiatry Epidemiol 2008;43:403-409.
31. Lötscher K, Stassen HH, Hell D, Bridler R. Gemeindepsychiatrische Akutbehandlung in Gastfamilien. Kostengünstige Alternative zum Klinikaufenthalt bei hoher Patientenzufriedenheit. Nervenarzt 2009;80:818-826.